REDUCING EXPLOITATIVE CHILD LABOUR IN MOZAMBIQUE (RECLAIM)

Mozambique Project Results, 2007-2009

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withdrawal Withdrawal
The project succeeded in its primary aim of protecting children from hazardous child labour in tobacco growing. By the close of the project, 2,490 of the direct beneficiaries were attending formal school.

education Education
  • 6,538 school kits were delivered to project beneficiaries as an incentive both to stay in school and improve their performance in class. These kits included satchels, notebooks, pens, pencils, erasers, rulers, and protractors.
  • RECLAIM paid the school fees for 127 beneficiaries between grades 8‐12 in Furancungo in Macanga district, and in Kaunda and Manje in Chiuta districts.
  • RECLAIM ran 12 Junior Farm and Field Life Schools (JFFLS) which provided students with essential agricultural skills and techniques, such as planting and harvesting different vegetables. More general life skills were also taught and included lessons on leadership, decision making, communication, basic health, mathematics, Portuguese and business. Animal husbandry activities such as grazing and herding were also introduced into six of the JFFLS schools.
  • By the final month of the project, 90% of participants – 472 children drawn from 14 communities – concluded course activities at the JFFLS.
  • RECLAIM also ran 12 WFFLS. Introduced in 2007, WFFLS were designed to increase IGAs among female caretakers of project beneficiaries and so provide an alternative to having children engaged in exploitative labour.
  • By the final month of the project, 90% of those who enrolled had concluded the course. This means that between 2007 and 2009, a total of 499 women from 11 communities completed the WFFLS programme.
  • Participants were trained in agricultural techniques, life skills – health, nutrition, use of calculators – and basic business skills. The WFFLS coordinators also taught the importance of children’s education and the dangerous consequences of child labour.
awareness Awareness
  • The Participatory Theatre drama troupe gave a total of 27 presentations in 19 communities throughout Tete Province with an audience of just over 12,900. Performances were tailored to reflect each community’s needs and realities when confronting child labour issues.
  • 25 fifteen-minute radio dramas highlighting the dangers of child labour were broadcast a total of 120 times during the last 14 months of the project. These were recorded in Nhandja, a local language in Tete province.
  • “The Bicycle Awareness Road Show” was key to reaching out to more indirect beneficiaries in outlying communities. Complementing the theatre performances and radio dramas, the road show was operated by student volunteers and supervised by school directors and teachers. The road show created a space for community dialogue by broadcasting local music and the radio dramas. Bicycles were equipped with CD players, speakers, an amplifier, power convertors, and solar batteries. 194 presentations were given in 19 communities and were attended by well over 25,000 people.
  • RECLAIM was covered extensively on both national and provincial radio and television. Segments for both media included items on Women Farmers’ Field and Life Schools (WFFLS), Women Income Generation Activities (IGAs), support for educational activities and the Bicycle Road Show. A radio debate was held in the run up to the World Day Against Child Labour which featured representatives from the Ministry of Labour, the Ministry of Women and Social Action, the Tete Municipal Government as well as RECLAIM project staff.
  • The RECLAIM song was a low-cost but effective way of conveying the project’s messages. It was recorded by Shandu Laca, a local musician, and was recorded in both Portuguese and Nhandja. By the end of the project, the song was playing on Radio Mozambique at provincial level and on Radio SIRT.
capacity Strengthening Communities
  • By the end of the project, the Municipality of Tete Province approved the formation of the Child Labour Committee to develop future strategies to combat child labour.
  • Community Action Plans (CAPs) were drawn up to focus and mobilise communities’ response to the challenges they face.
  • Three CAPs focused on the improvement of school infrastructure and brought together parents, community leaders, school teachers and representatives from the Ministry of Education to manufacture bricks for classroom repair. They also transported and cleaned wooden logs and put in place zinc sheets to improve school roofing.
  • 62 community volunteers were trained by the project to raise awareness and support field activities. This included monitoring school attendance and the labour status of children, acting as a liaison point for families, distributing school materials and mobilising community leaders.
poverty Alleviating Poverty
  • The IGA component was implemented in nine communities.
  • During the rainy season, October to March, RECLAIM provided 2.5 tons of seeds and supplies for 225 WFFLS graduates to increase cultivation; 1060 kg of corn, 1060 kg of peanuts and 372 kg of beans were also distributed.
  • By September 2009, 87% of participants had reimbursed almost all corn and peanuts received with similar amounts of home-grown seed. All seeds reimbursed by the first IGA groups were stored either in school storage areas or silos to be used by the following year’s batch of IGA groups. This ensured continuity and sustainability.
  • During the dry season, the project focused on horticulture production, of which there were 201 participants by the end of the project. A further 274 participants enrolled for the year after the project was completed.
  • Access to land was provided by local leaders, while fencing, the digging of wells, seeds, fertilisers and pesticides were provided by the RECLAIM team. As a result, horticultural production – collard greens, lettuce, tomatoes, peppers, and onions – exceeded expectations. In August 2009, one group reported an increase in aggregated income of 400% from 2007, with a second group reporting an increase of 600% over the same period.
  • Following this initial success, RECLAIM increased business volume for future activities by incorporating livestock: 184 goats were introduced into activities for subsequent groups.
  • Other small business activities involved a microcredit scheme to allow for the purchasing and re-selling of capulanas, dry fish, beans, flowers, tomatoes, goats, chickens and glassware.