The project succeeded in its primary aim of protecting children from hazardous child labour in tobacco growing. Specifically:
- 1,973 children between 8 and 17 old directly benefited from the project interventions.
- 1,001 children were withdrawn from child labour and 972 were prevented from entering into child labour.
The establishment of a more effective vocational training model had a positive impact on the project’s benficiaries. Specifically:
- 473 children between 14 and 18 years old were trained in vocational and business skills in two colleges.
- Classes sponsored by the project included masonry, carpentry and tailoring.
- The renovation and upgrading of the training facilities at the Folk Development College in Urambo was completed. Dormitories were equipped with beds and mattresses and a water tank was constructed.
Building on the success of the the first phase of the project, awareness-raising was further embedded into the work of both farmers and tobacco companies’ leaf technicians:
- 900 tobacco farmers and 45 tobacco leaf technicians were trained in child labour issues and improved farming and business practices.
- This included three booklets on child labour. The booklets included a general definition of child labour, the factors that cause child labour and how to overcome them.
- Training also focused on financial management, the use of oxen for ploughing, supporting education for children, promoting gender equality, and health and safety in farming.
Successful Community Child Labour Committees were established in the first phase of the project. Following on from this:
- 18 implementing agencies were trained in project management.
- A Child Labour Monitoring System was developed and implemented in four wards in Urambo District. Urambo District Council is in the process of expanding its coverage to another five wards.
The project was designed so that interventions to reduce child labour lasted well beyond the lifespan of the project itself. Several activities were undertaken to ensure this:
- Some of the children sponsored and trained on vocational skills during the project were refered to the Youth Entrepreneurship Facility to receive further entrepreneurship skills and support.
- The child labour book series was launched in May 2010. It covered the following topics: “The Concept of Child Labour,” “National Policies, Legislation and Strategies on Child Labour” and finally “Child Labour, Commercial Agriculture and the Role of Tobacco Farmers.” All key stakeholders, including tobacco companies, were given copies to be used by the leaf technicians to train farmers in all tobacco growing regions.
- One of the most successful collaborations of the project was with the private sector. UTSP provided technical support for the insertion of child labour into the training curriculum of the leaf technicians (LTs) who are trained at Urambo Seed Farms. These LTs, who work for tobacco companies, are then dispatched throughout the tobacco growing regions of Tanzania where they can disseminate child labour messages to the farmers they work with. LTs actively monitor child labour in the field and report infractions. The ECLT project therefore impacted not only in Urambo but also other tobacco growing districts.
A specific recommendation for more income-generating activities (IGAs) was made in the final evaluation report of UTSP I. IGAs therefore played a central role in the interventions of this phase of the project.
- 405 families either with children in child labour or at risk of entering in child labour were trained in IGAs.
- These activities included support for crop diversification such as sunflower and market food crops and tailoring.
- Beneficiary families were issued with shared sewing machines and foot water pumps.
- 18 teachers from the nine primary schools (two per school) covered by the project were trained in financial management and profitable IGAs.
These teachers were then qualified to coordinate IGAs in their schools.