ELIMINATION OF CHILD LABOUR IN TOBACCO GROWING IN UGANDA (ECLTAU) II

Uganda Project Results, 2006-2008

Uganda_2006_2008_Results_Gray_Box

withdrawalWithdrawal
  • A total of 25 HIV/AIDS orphans – 9 boys and 16 girls – were identified with the help of TASO (an HIV/AIDS local based organization), the child labour committees, and BUCODO and were recruited for training at Kyema. All were under 18 years of age; 11 were in the boarding section while 14 were day scholars.
educationEducation
  • 117 students registered for the third intake of the Kyema Vocational Training Institute (KVTI). This disaggregated into 39 studying bricklaying and concreting; 26 in carpentry and joinery: 50 in tailoring and two in agriculture. After the mid-term break, 108 students returned. The nine who did not return had been unable to pay the course fees.
  • Of these 108, 92 completed the course. Again the discrepancy in figures is down to failure to pay fees. Of the 92 who sat exams, 82 passed.
  • 64 students enrolled for the first term of 2008, the fourth session intake since the inception of the KVTI. A further 21 students, sponsored by NGO the Christian Children’s Fund joined mid-way through the term, but four of the original students dropped out because they were unable to pay their fees.

In terms of school support:

  • Scholastic materials – exercise books, pens, pencils and mathematical sets – were regularly issued to those students most in need.
  • Over the course of the two years of the project (July 2006 – June 2008) school attendance increased from 102,916 to 111,046, a difference of 8,130, in the 12 sub-counties of the project area.

awareness Awareness
The project continued to prioritise and promote awareness-raising activities. This included sensitising community members about the dangers of child labour and ensuring that beneficiaries were regularly exposed to the project’s messages.

  • 30 sensitization workshops were conducted in the seven sub counties of Masindi Port, Kimengo, Nyanghaya, Pakanyi, Mutunda, Kiryandongo and Kigumba in the extended project area. There were 1,199 participants consisting of 914 men and 285 women.
  • These workshops were attended by sub-county officials, opinion formers and religious leaders, head teachers and class teachers and farmers’ and parents’ groups.
  • Child labour committees were formed during these workshops at the village/parish level and special effort was focused on areas where tobacco is intensively grown.
  • Talk shows were conducted specifically for World Day Against Child Labour in June.
  • Radio spot messages were aired at peak periods, which later focused on the importance of parents sending their children to the KVTI.
  • 1,060 posters were distributed by the participants who attended the sensitization workshops. The posters were displayed in public places like schools, market places, shops, churches, mosques, and community halls in the sub-counties.
  • 16 film shows were conducted in the project area during this phase of the project. The films depicted various forms of child labour that children are subjected to. The key message emphasized the relationship between child labour and HIV/AIDS. (According to UNICEF, over 15% of youth below the age of 18 are orphans in Uganda).

capacity Strengthening Communities
The KVTI continued to improve and expand. Over the course of this second phase of the project:

  • The kitchen at KVTI was constructed by former students and became operational.
  • Construction of a library by former students under the supervision of their tutor commenced in July 2007.
  • Also in July 2007, the construction of a semi-detached house for tutors got underway, again by former students under the supervision of their tutors.
  • The construction of the dormitories was completed. Water was extended to both the toilets and bathrooms and thus became fully operational. This at first allowed 45 boarders – 20 girls and 25 boys – to stay at KVTI; by the close of the project the figure was 54 students, 18 girls and 36 boys.
  • As before, tools were purchased and issued to students. They signed agreements, endorsed by guarantors, that the cost of the tools would be paid back.

povertyAlleviating Poverty
Building on the successes of the first phase, a key target for the project was to make the KVTI self-sustainable through income generating activities.

  • Two cross breed heifers, 160 local chickens, five goats, one improved Boer goat and three sows in calf were purchased at the beginning of the project. One cow delivered a calf early on in the project and produced at least four litres of milk per day.
  • By the end of the project the piggery farm had 11 pigs that had bred several piglets for sale. Following advice from the District Veterinary Officer, three of the local male goats produced on the farm were sold to avoid generating weak breeds; at the end of the project there were 14 goats. Both cows produced calves, one of each sex.
  • 3 kgs of pine seeds (Caribbea) were purchased at the start of the project and a nursery bed established for commercial production of pine seedlings.
  • Over 9,000 seedlings of pine were produced and sold. Improved seedlings of mangoes, paw paws, avocado and oranges were purchased in batches of 30.
  • An orchard was established and water was also extended up to the farm for livestock and general use.
  • Two former KTVI agriculture students were recruited, one to work at the farm and the other to care for the plant nursery.
  • Three tutors were trained in motorised tools and equipment for income generation. The concrete mixer and porker were hired out to contractors.